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As the rules change or new procedures are developed, please note that these interpretation and/or guidance may not apply; you should always refer to the latest rules and guidance documents to determine what equipment authorization procedures should be followed. For the latest guidance on specific topics or you don't know where to start, please feel free to contact GTG experts.

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In today’s digital age, routers have become an indispensable part of our lives. They are the backbone of the internet, enabling us to connect to the online world. With so many brands and models flooding the market, it becomes challenging for customers to choose the right router that fits their needs. To ensure that the routers meet the industry standards and perform optimally, it’s essential to get them tested and certified by a reliable and trustworthy certification provider. GTG Group is one such provider that has established itself as a preferred choice for router testing and certification.

How can GTG assist you with the tests on router?

Before routers are released for public use, they must undergo a series of tests to ensure their safety and functionality.

As GTG Group’s strategy updates, some of the below listed test items may no longer be available, please contact us for the latest information.

(1) Electrical safety test

When it comes to electrical safety tests on routers, manufacturers typically adhere to industry standards and regulations to ensure the safety of users. Here are some common electrical safety tests that routers may undergo:

  • Insulation resistance test: this test measures the insulation resistance between the electrical circuits and the router’s external casing to ensure that there are no electrical leakage risks.
  • Dielectric voltage withstand test: also known as the high-potential or hipot test, this test checks the router’s ability to withstand high voltage without breakdown or electrical hazards.
  • Ground continuity test: this test verifies the continuity of the grounding path in the router, ensuring that any potential electrical faults can be safely discharged.
  • Leakage current test: this test measures the amount of current that may leak from the router’s electrical components to ensure it falls within safe limits.
  • Overvoltage test: this test evaluates the router’s ability to withstand voltage spikes or surges, protecting it from potential damage and ensuring user safety.
  • Plug retention test: this test assesses the strength and durability of the router’s power plug, ensuring it remains securely connected during operation.
  • Temperature rise test: this test checks the router’s temperature during normal operation to ensure it doesn’t exceed safe limits, preventing overheating and potential fire hazards.

(2) EMC test

EMC test evaluates the router’s ability to operate without causing electromagnetic interference (EMI) or being susceptible to external interference. It includes tests for electromagnetic emissions and immunity to ensure the router functions properly in the presence of other electronic devices and electromagnetic fields.

  • Radiated emission test: the first EMC test that a router undergoes is the radiated emission test. This test measures the amount of electromagnetic radiation that a router emits. The test is conducted in an anechoic chamber, which is designed to absorb all electromagnetic waves. The router is placed in the chamber, and a spectrum analyzer measures the amount of radiation being emitted.
  • Conducted emission test: the conducted emission test is another EMC test that a router undergoes. This test measures the amount of electromagnetic radiation that a router emits through its power cables. A spectrum analyzer is used to measure the amount of radiation being emitted, and the router is tested at various frequencies.
  • Electrostatic discharge test: the electrostatic discharge test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand electrostatic discharge. This test is conducted by generating a high voltage discharge and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various voltage levels, and the router must withstand the discharge without any damage.
  • Immunity to radiated fields: the immunity to radiated fields test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand electromagnetic radiation. The router is placed in an anechoic chamber, and a high-frequency signal is generated. The signal is then increased until the router starts to malfunction. The test measures the amount of radiation that a router can withstand without malfunctioning.
  • Immunity to conducted fields: the immunity to conducted fields test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand electromagnetic interference from its power cables. The test is conducted by injecting a high-frequency signal into the router’s power cables and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various frequency levels, and the router must withstand the interference without any damage.
  • Surge test: the surge test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand voltage surges. The test is conducted by injecting a high voltage surge into the router’s power cables and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various voltage levels, and the router must withstand the surge without any damage.
  • Voltage dip test: the voltage dip test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand voltage dips. The test is conducted by reducing the voltage supplied to the router and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various voltage levels, and the router must withstand the dip without any damage.
  • Harmonic test: the harmonic test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand harmonic distortion. The test is conducted by injecting a harmonic signal into the router’s power cables and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various frequency levels, and the router must withstand the distortion without any damage.
  • Flicker test: the flicker test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand voltage fluctuations. The test is conducted by reducing the voltage supplied to the router and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various voltage levels, and the router must withstand the fluctuations without any damage.
  • Power frequency magnetic field test: the power frequency magnetic field test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand magnetic fields. The test is conducted by generating a magnetic field around the router and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various magnetic field levels, and the router must withstand the field without any damage.
  • Voltage interruption test: the voltage interruption test is designed to measure a router’s ability to withstand voltage interruptions. The test is conducted by interrupting the voltage supplied to the router and then measuring the impact on the router. The test is conducted at various voltage levels, and the router must withstand the interruption without any damage.

(3) Energy efficiency test

Energy efficiency test is an important aspect of assessing the environmental impact of routers and ensuring they consume minimal energy while maintaining optimal performance. Here are some common energy efficiency tests that routers may undergo:

  • Power consumption test: this test measures the amount of power consumed by the router during different operational states, such as idle, active, or standby mode. It helps determine the router’s energy usage and efficiency.
  • Sleep mode power consumption test: routers often have a sleep or power-saving mode. This test evaluates the power consumption during sleep mode, ensuring that the router consumes minimal energy when not actively in use.
  • Wake-on-LAN (WoL) test: Wake-on-LAN allows a router to be remotely activated from a low-power state. This test assesses the power consumption and responsiveness of the router when receiving a WoL signal.
  • Energy Star compliance test: Energy Star is an international standard for energy-efficient consumer products. Routers can undergo Energy Star compliance testing to ensure they meet the energy efficiency requirements set by the program.
  • Power management test: this test evaluates the router’s power management features, such as automatic power-off or power reduction when network activity is low. It ensures that the router optimizes energy consumption based on usage patterns.
  • Idle power test: this test measures the power consumed by the router when it is idle or not actively transmitting data. It helps assess the router’s efficiency during periods of low activity.

These energy efficiency tests help identify routers that consume less energy, reducing their environmental impact and potentially lowering energy costs for users. It’s important to note that the specific energy efficiency tests conducted may vary depending on the manufacturer and applicable energy efficiency standards.

(4) Environmental test

Environmental testing on routers is crucial to assess their performance and reliability in various environmental conditions. Here are some common environmental tests that routers may undergo:

  • Temperature test: routers are subjected to extreme temperature conditions to ensure they can operate within specified temperature ranges. This includes testing their functionality and performance in high and low temperatures.
  • Humidity test: routers are exposed to high humidity levels to evaluate their resistance to moisture and potential damage caused by condensation.
  • Vibration test: routers are subjected to vibrations to assess their durability and ability to withstand transportation or other mechanical stresses.
  • Shock test: his test evaluates the router’s ability to withstand sudden shocks or impacts, simulating accidental drops or mishandling.
  • Dust and particle test: routers may undergo tests to assess their resistance to dust, dirt, and other particles that can potentially affect their performance or cause malfunctions.
  • Electrostatic discharge (ESD) test: routers are tested to ensure they can withstand electrostatic discharges, preventing damage to sensitive electronic components.
  • Salt fog test: this test is particularly relevant for routers used in marine or coastal environments, where they are exposed to saltwater or salty air. It assesses their resistance to corrosion caused by salt.

These tests help manufacturers identify any weaknesses or vulnerabilities in routers and ensure they meet industry standards for reliability and performance. It’s important to note that the specific environmental tests conducted may vary depending on the manufacturer and intended use of the router.

Got questions on router tests? We are always here to help, just ask!

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How can GTG assist you with the certifications or markings for routers?

With so many models and brands available in the market, it can be hard to know which one to choose. One way to make a more informed decision is to look at the certifications or markings on the router. Certifications provide assurance to consumers that routers meet specific standards for performance, safety, energy efficiency, and environmental impact. They help users make informed decisions and ensure the routers they purchase adhere to recognized industry benchmarks.

As GTG Group’s strategy updates, some of the below listed certifications or markings may no longer be available, please contact us for the latest information.

(1) FCC certification

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is a government agency that regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable. FCC certification is mandatory for all wireless routers sold in the United States. The certification ensures that the router meets all the necessary safety and performance standards set by the FCC.

(2) CE marking

The CE marking is a certification mark that indicates conformity with health, safety, and environmental standards for products sold within the European Economic Area (EEA). CE marking ensures that the router meets the necessary safety and environmental standards and can be sold in the EEA. This certification is important for those who want to sell or buy routers in the EEA.

(3) UL certification

UL is a global safety certification company that tests and certifies products for safety, performance, and environmental impact. UL certification ensures that the router meets the necessary safety and performance standards and can be sold in the United States and other countries. This certification is important for those who want to ensure that their router is safe to use and meets the necessary standards.

(4) Energy Star certification

Energy Star is a program run by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that promotes energy-efficient products. Energy Star certification ensures that the router meets the necessary energy efficiency standards and helps reduce energy consumption. This certification is important for those who want to reduce their energy bills and minimize their environmental impact.

(5) RoHS certification

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) is a directive that restricts the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. RoHS certification ensures that the router meets the necessary environmental standards and does not contain any hazardous substances. This certification is important for those who want to minimize their environmental impact and ensure that their router is safe to use.

(6) Wi-Fi Alliance certification

The Wi-Fi Alliance is a non-profit organization that develops and promotes Wi-Fi technology. The Wi-Fi Alliance certification ensures that the router is compatible with other Wi-Fi devices and meets the necessary performance standards. It also ensures that the router is secure and provides a fast and reliable internet connection.

(7) WPA2 certification

WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access 2) is a security protocol used to secure wireless networks. WPA2 certification ensures that the router uses the latest security standards and provides a secure Wi-Fi connection. This certification is important as it helps protect against unauthorized access and data theft.

(8) WPA3 certification

The Wi-Fi Protected Access 3 (WPA3) certification is a new certification that routers can obtain to ensure that they meet the Wi-Fi Alliance’s latest security standards. This certification ensures that your router is secure from potential cyber threats.

(9) DLNA certification

The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is a non-profit organization that promotes interoperability between digital devices. DLNA certification ensures that the router can stream media content to other DLNA-certified devices, such as TVs, smartphones, and tablets. This certification is important for those who want to stream media content from their router to other devices.

(10) IPv6 certification

IPv6 is the latest version of the Internet Protocol (IP) and is designed to replace IPv4. IPv6 certification ensures that the router supports this new protocol and provides a more efficient and secure internet connection. This certification is important as it enables the router to handle the increasing number of internet-connected devices and provides better security.

(11) USB-IF certification

The USB Implementers Forum (USB-IF) is a non-profit organization that promotes USB technology. USB-IF certification ensures that the router meets the necessary USB performance standards and is compatible with other USB devices. This certification is important for those who want to connect USB devices to their router, such as printers, hard drives, and cameras.

(12) EPEAT certification

The Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) is a global rating system for electronic products. EPEAT certification ensures that the router meets the necessary environmental standards and is more sustainable. This certification is important for those who want to minimize their environmental impact and choose more sustainable products.

 (13) NSA certification

The NSA (National Security Agency) Certification indicates that the router meets the security standards set by the NSA. This certification ensures that the router is secure and can protect your data.

(14) OpenWrt compatibility

OpenWrt is an open-source firmware that can be installed on routers to add more features and customization options. Routers that are compatible with OpenWrt allow you to customize your router to your specific needs.

(15) VPN certification

Virtual Private Network (VPN) certification ensures that your router can support VPN connections. This certification is essential if you want to connect to a VPN service provider to protect your internet connection from potential cyber threats.

(16) QoS certification

Quality of Service (QoS) certification ensures that your router can prioritize internet traffic to ensure smooth internet connectivity. This certification is essential if you want to ensure that your internet connection is stable even when multiple devices are connected to your router.

(17) Parental control certification

Parental control certification ensures that your router can support parental control features to protect your children from accessing inappropriate content on the internet. This certification is essential if you want to ensure that your children are safe while using the internet.

Got questions on router certification? We are always here to help, just ask!

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Why the biggest brands trust GTG Group?

In today’s fast-paced world, the use of the internet has become ubiquitous. With the rise of the internet and the increasing number of devices that connect to it, the importance of routers has become evident. To ensure this, router manufacturers often turn to third-party testing and certification companies. One such company that has gained a reputation for excellence in this field is GTG Group (Global Testing Group).

(1) Independent and impartial testing

GTG Group is a third-party testing company, which means we are not affiliated with any specific manufacturer. This impartiality can provide camera manufacturers and consumers with confidence in the accuracy and reliability of the testing process, and ensure that the camera meets the required standards.

(2) Confidentiality and security

GTG Group understands the importance of confidentiality and security when it comes to testing and certification. We ensure that our clients’ data and information are kept confidential and secure at all times. This ensures that our clients’ intellectual property and trade secrets are protected.

(3) Reputation for excellence

GTG Group has been in the business of testing and certification for over a decade. We have gained a reputation for providing high-quality services and are known for our attention to detail. Our commitment to excellence has made them a trusted partner for many of the biggest brands.

(4) Specialized expertise

GTG Group specializes in testing and certifying routers. We have a team of experts who are knowledgeable in this field. This specialized expertise allows them to provide a level of testing and certification that is unmatched by other companies.

(5) State-of-the-art facilities

GTG Group has state-of-the-art facilities that are equipped with the latest technology. This allows them to conduct thorough testing and certification of routers. Our facilities are designed to meet the needs of our clients and ensure that their routers are tested to the highest standards.

(6) Customized testing

GTG Group understands that every router is different. As a result, we offer customized testing services that are tailored to the needs of our clients. This ensures that each router is tested in a way that is relevant to its specific use case.

(7) Efficient testing

GTG Group understands that time is of the essence. As a result, we have streamlined our testing processes to ensure that our clients receive results quickly and efficiently. This allows our clients to get their routers to market faster.

(8) Regulatory compliance

GTG Group is well-versed in regulatory requirements for routers. We ensure that routers comply with all relevant regulations and standards. This ensures that our clients can confidently bring their routers to market, knowing that they meet all regulatory requirements.

(9) Cost-effective

GTG Group offers cost-effective testing and certification services. We understand that cost is an important consideration for our clients. As a result, we offer competitive pricing without compromising on the quality of our services.

(10) Collaboration

GTG Group works closely with our clients to ensure that we understand their needs and requirements. This collaboration ensures that routers are tested and certified in a way that meets the specific needs of our clients.

(11) Trustworthiness

GTG Group is a trustworthy partner for router manufacturers. We have a proven track record of providing high-quality services and are committed to maintaining the trust of our clients.

(12) Industry recognition

GTG Group has received industry recognition for our testing and certification services. We have won several awards and have been recognized as a leader in this field.

(13) Competitive advantage

Choosing GTG Group for router testing and certification provides a competitive advantage. Our high-quality services ensure that routers meet all relevant standards, are secure, and perform optimally. This provides a competitive advantage for our clients in the marketplace.

FAQ on router testing and certification

What are some of the third-party testing organizations that test routers?

Some of the third-party testing organizations that test routers include the Wi-Fi Alliance, which is responsible for certifying Wi-Fi devices, and organizations such as Consumer Reports and PCMag, which provide reviews and testing of routers.

How can I tell if a router is certified?

You can tell if a router is certified by looking for the certification logo on the packaging or on the router itself. For example, if a router is certified by the Wi-Fi Alliance, it will have the Wi-Fi Alliance logo on the packaging or on the router itself.

Are there any specific certifications for eco-friendly or sustainable routers?

While there isn’t a specific certification exclusively for eco-friendly routers, certifications like Energy Star and RoHS compliance indicate that a router meets energy efficiency and environmental standards. Additionally, some manufacturers may highlight their routers’ sustainable features or eco-friendly practices.

Not finding the answers to your questions? We are always here to help, just ask!

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Can I trust a router that doesn’t have certifications?

Certifications provide a level of confidence in a router’s performance, safety, and environmental impact. While the absence of certifications doesn’t necessarily mean a router is unreliable or unsafe, it’s important to consider other factors like customer reviews, brand reputation, and the manufacturer’s commitment to quality.

Where can I learn more about router certifications and testing?

For detailed information about specific certifications and testing processes, it’s best to refer to the official websites of the certifying organizations. Additionally, manufacturers may provide documentation or resources on their websites regarding certifications and testing procedures. Or contact a GTG Group router expert.

What should I look for when choosing a router?

When choosing a router, you should look for things like performance, security, and compatibility with other devices. You should also look for routers that are certified by organizations such as the Wi-Fi Alliance, which can help ensure that the router you are using meets certain standards.

Router testing and certification are essential for ensuring that the routers we use are secure, perform well, and are interoperable with other devices. Third-party testing organizations play an important role in this process by providing independent testing and certification. Contact GTG Group today for router testing and certification to avoid any legal issues that may arise from using a faulty router.

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© 2023 GTG | Global Testing Group. All rights reserved.