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As the rules change or new procedures are developed, please note that these interpretation and/or guidance may not apply; you should always refer to the latest rules and guidance documents to determine what equipment authorization procedures should be followed. For the latest guidance on specific topics or you don't know where to start, please feel free to contact GTG experts.

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The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) is based in Geneva (Switzerland) and is the subordinate body of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) that was established in 1958 to promote economic cooperation among its members. The UNECE is responsible for questions of economic cooperation in Europe and North America. Among the many areas of cooperation, the ECE has a role in the regulation and standardization of vehicles in Europe. The ECE vehicle certification system, also known as ECE R10 or E-Mark certification, is a set of regulations that dictate the safety and environmental standards of vehicles sold in the European market. This system has been in place for many years, and it has evolved to meet changing needs and technologies.

UN ECE Regulation 10 of 2019 (ECETRANSWP.29201920)

UN ECE Regulation 10 of 2019 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2019/20).

The ECE system is mandatory for all vehicles sold in Europe, including those made outside of the EU. This means that even vehicles manufactured in the United States or Asia must meet ECE standards if they are sold in Europe.

The ECE system is similar to other vehicle certification systems used around the world, such as those in the United States and Japan. However, there are some differences in the specifics of the regulations and testing procedures. The ECE R10 is an international regulation regarding electromagnetic compatibility of vehicles of the following categories:

  • L: Motor vehicles with less than four wheels
  • M: Power-driven vehicles having at least four wheels and used for the carriage of passengers
  • N: Power-driven vehicles having at least four wheels and used for the carriage of goods
  • O: Trailers (including semi–trailers)
  • T, R, S: Agricultural vehicles

Automotive EMC standards

The UNECE R10 refers to many EMC standards to define the limits and the test set-ups. Expand to check:
  1. CISPR 12 “Vehicles’, motorboats’ and spark-ignited engine-driven devices’ radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement”, fifth edition 2001 and Amd1: 2005.
  2. CISPR 16-1-4 “Specifications for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods – Part 1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus apparatus – Antennas and test sites for radiated disturbances measurements”, third edition 2010.
  3. CISPR 25 “Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics for the protection of receivers used on board vehicles”, second edition 2002 and corrigendum 2004.
  4. ISO 7637-2 “Road vehicles – Electrical disturbance from conduction and coupling – Part 2: Electrical transient conduction along supply lines only on vehicles with nominal 12 V or 24 V supply voltage”, second edition 2004.
  5. ISO-EN 17025 “General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories”, second edition 2005 and Corrigendum: 2006.
  6. ISO 11451 “Road vehicles – Electrical disturbances by narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy – Vehicle test methods”: Part 1: General and definitions (ISO 11451-1, third edition 2005 and Amd1: 2008); Part 2: Off-vehicle radiation source (ISO 11451-2, fourth edition 2015); Part 4: Bulk current injection (BCI) (ISO 11451-4, third edition 2013).
  7. ISO 11452 “Road vehicles – Electrical disturbances by narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy – Component test methods”: Part 1: General and definitions (ISO 11452-1, third edition 2005 and Amd1: 2008); Part 2: Absorber-lined chamber (ISO 11452-2, second edition 2004); Part 3: Transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) cell (ISO 11452-3, third edition 2016); Part 4: Bulk current injection (BCI) (ISO 11452-4, fourth edition 2011); Part 5: Stripline (ISO 11452-5, second edition 2002).
  8. ITU Radio Regulations, edition 2008.
  9. IEC 61000-3-2 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-2 – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase)”, edition 3.2 – 2005 + A1: 2008 + A2: 2009.
  10. IEC 61000-3-3 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-3 – Limits – Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage systems for equipment with rated current ≤ 16 A per phase and not subjected to conditional connection”, edition 2.0 – 2008.
  11. IEC 61000-3-11 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-11 – Limits – Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage systems – Equipment with rated current ≤ 75 A per phase and subjected to conditional connection”, edition 1.0 – 2000.
  12. IEC 61000-3-12 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 3-12 – Limits for harmonic current emissions produced by equipment connected to public low-voltage systems with input current > 16 A and ≤ 75 A per phase”, edition 1.0 – 2004.
  13. IEC 61000-4-4 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-4 – Testing and measurement techniques – Electrical fast transients/burst immunity test”, edition 2.0 – 2004.
  14. IEC 61000-4-5 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-5 – Testing and measurement techniques – Surge immunity test”, edition 2.0 – 2005.
  15. IEC 61000-6-3 “Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 6-3 – Generic standards Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments”, edition 2.0 – 2006.
  16. CISPR 16–2–1 “Specification for radio disturbances and immunity measuring apparatus and methods – Part 2-1 – Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity – Conducted disturbances measurement”, edition 2.0 – 2008.
  17. CISPR 22 “Information Technology Equipment – Radio disturbances characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement”, edition 6.0 – 2008.
  18. CISPR 16-1-2 “Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods – Part 1-2: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus – Ancillary equipment – Conducted disturbances”, edition 2 2014.
  19. IEC 61851-1 “Electric vehicle conductive charging system – Part 1: General requirements “, edition 3.0 – 2017.
  20. CISPR 32 “Electromagnetic compatibility of multimedia equipment – Emission requirements”, edition 2.0 – 2015.

What does the UNECE R10 cover?

  • Requirements regarding the immunity to radiated and conducted disturbances for functions related to direct control of the vehicle, related to driver, passenger and other road users’ protection, related to disturbances, which would cause confusion to the driver or other road users, related to vehicle data bus functionality, related to disturbances, which would affect vehicle statutory data.
  • Requirements regarding the control of unwanted radiated and conducted emissions to protect the intended use of electrical or electronic equipment at own or adjacent vehicles or nearby, and the control of disturbances from accessories that may be retrofitted to the vehicle.
  • Additional requirements for vehicles and electronic sub-assemblies (ESAs) providing coupling systems for charging the rechargeable energy storage system (REESS) regarding the control of emissions and immunity from this connection between vehicle and power grid.

What is E-Mark certification?

E-Mark certification is a mandatory approval process for electronic devices and systems used in vehicles within the European Union (EU). It is governed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and ensures that these devices meet the required safety, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), and environmental standards.

Difference between an e-Mark and E-Mark

e-Mark and E-Mark

The e-Mark, indicated by a lowercase “e” and a test number in a rectangle, was developed by the European Commission (EC) to establish standardized vehicle regulations for all EU member states.

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) established the second set of parallel vehicle regulations, marked with an uppercase “E.” While the UN regulations address nearly identical requirements, the E-Mark has global applicability and receives broader recognition.

E-Mark Certified M12 Ethernet Switches in Public Transport

E-Mark Certified M12 Ethernet Switches in Public Transport

The E-Mark is particularly significant for those looking for network switches for city buses. This type of devices must meet specific requirements, such as electromagnetic compatibility as per UN ECE R10 and compliance with fire safety standards outlined in UN ECE R118.

ROQSTAR M12 Ethernet switches are uniquely designed for use in public transport and bear the E1 (Germany) certification mark. The E1 certification mark signifies their suitability for installation in road vehicles, thereby guaranteeing a reliable network infrastructure, efficient communication and data transfer within public transport buses.

Importance of E-Mark certification

  • Safety: E-Mark certification ensures that electronic devices used in vehicles meet stringent safety requirements. It guarantees that these devices will not pose any risks to the driver, passengers, or the vehicle itself.
  • Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC): Electronic devices emit electromagnetic radiation, which can interfere with other devices, potentially leading to malfunctions. E-Mark certification ensures that the devices comply with EMC standards, minimizing interference and ensuring smooth operation.
  • Environmental standards: E-Mark certification also takes into account the environmental impact of electronic devices. It ensures that these devices adhere to specific guidelines regarding energy efficiency, hazardous substances, and recyclability, promoting sustainability and reducing their ecological footprint.

What are the E-Mark country codes?

UN ECE publishes the list of countries (contracting parties) for Regulation 10 (Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to electromagnetic compatibility). They are updating the country list depending on the regulation (R10) and version of the regulation (R10 Rev.6). They lastly updated the list on 2 March 2023 according to R10 revision 06. There are 58 countries and 1 union (EU) on the list.

Each country is represented with a unique ECE R10 symbol and has a designated type approval authority. For instance, Ireland’s ECE R10 symbol is E24 and its designated type approval authority is NSAI. Latvia’s ECE R10 symbol is E32 and its designated type approval authority is CSDD. Some countries has no designated type approval authority even they are contracting parties and have ECE symbol. 

ECE R10 symbols, together with unique type-specific numbers, are used on type approval certificates of the products. Type approval certificates are issued by designated type approval authorities which are mostly governmental organizations. Whole list showing ECE R10 countries (contracting parties) is given below:

ECE R10 SymbolsContracting PartiesDesignated Type Approval Authority(ies)
E1GermanyKraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA)
E2FranceMinistère de la Transition Ecologique et Solidaire CNRV
E3ItalyMinistero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti Dipartimento
E4NetherlandsRDW
E5SwedenTransportstyrelsen (Swedish Transport Agency)
E6BelgiumService Public fédéral (SPF) Mobilité et Transports
E7HungaryInnovációs és Technológiai Minisztérium
E8Czech RepublicMinistry of Transport
E9SpainMinisterio de Industria
E10SerbiaRoad Traffic Safety Agency
E11United KingdomVehicle Certification Agency (VCA)
E12AustriaBundesministerium für Verkehr
E13LuxembourgMinistère de la Mobilité et des Travaux publicsSociété Nationale de Certification et d’Homologation (SNCH)
E14SwitzerlandOFROU
E16NorwayVegdirektoratet
E17FinlandFinnish Transport and Communications Agency
E18DenmarkDanish Road Traffic Authority
E19RomaniaMinisterul Transporturilor si Infrastructurii
E20PolandTransportowy Dozor Techniczny (TDT)
E21PortugalInstituto da Mobilidade e dos Transportes (IMT)
E22Russian FederationFederal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology (NAMI)
E23GreeceMinistry of Transport and Communications
E24IrelandNational Standards Authority of Ireland (NSAI)
E25CrotiaState Office for Metrology Independent Service for Type Approval of Motor Vehicles
E26SloveniaSlovenia Traffic Safety Agency – Vehicle Department
E27SlovakiaMinistry of Transport and Construction
E28BelarusState Committee for Standardization (Gosstandart)
E29EstoniaEstonian Road Administration
E30Republic of Moldovanot announced yet
E31Bosnia and Herzegovinanot announced yet
E32LatviaRoad Traffic Safety Directorate (CSDD)
E34BulgariaMinistry of Transport, Executive Agency Road Transport Administration
E35KazakhstanCommittee of Technical Regulation and Metrology of the Ministry of Investment and Development (CTRM)
E36LithuaniaLithuanian Transport Safety Administration
E37TürkiyeMinistry of Industry and Technology
E39Azerbaijannot announced yet
E40North MacedoniaMinistry of Economy, Bureau of Metrology
E42European Unionnot assigned
E43JapanMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
E45Australianot announced yet
E46UkraineMinistry of Infrastructure
E47South AfricaNational Regulator for Compulsory Specifications (NRCS)
E48New Zealandnot announced yet
E49CyprusRoad Transport Department
E50MaltaMalta Competition and Consumer Affairs Authority
E51Republic of Koreanot announced yet
E52MalaysiaRoad Transport Department (JPJ)
E53Thailandnot announced yet
E54Albanianot announced yet
E55ArmeniaNational Body for Standards and Metrology (CJSC)
E56Montenegronot announced yet (code: 56/A)
E57San MarinoAutorità per l’Omologazione
E58TunisiaAgence Techique des Transports Terrestres
E60Georgianot announced yet (code: 60/A)
E62EgyptMinistry of Trade and Industry
E63Nigerianot announced yet (code: 63/A)
E64Pakistannot announced yet (code: 64/A)
E65Ugandanot announced yet (code: 65/A)

Above list shows the countries which are contracting parties for UN ECE Regulation 10. List is derived from official publication  which is named as ECE/TRANS/WP.29/343/Rev.31/Add.1 and published on 2 March 2023 by ECE. The latest country enters to above list is Uganda with E65. It has been listed since the latest update in 2023. 

Example of a ECE R10 type approval certificate

Example of a ECE R10 Type Approval Certificate Issued by NSAI (Ireland)

Benefits for consumers

  • Assurance of quality: E-Mark certification provides consumers with the confidence that the electronic devices they purchase for their vehicles meet the highest quality standards. This certification guarantees that the devices have undergone rigorous testing and comply with all necessary regulations.
  • Enhanced safety: by using E-Mark certified electronic devices, consumers can rest assured that these devices will not compromise the safety of their vehicles. This certification ensures that the devices have been thoroughly tested for potential hazards and meet the required safety standards.
  • Compatibility and reliability: E-Mark certification ensures that electronic devices in vehicles do not interfere with other systems, such as the vehicle’s electrical system or other onboard devices. This compatibility and reliability enhance the overall performance and functionality of the vehicle.

Benefits for manufacturers

  • Compliance with regulations: E-Mark certification is a legal requirement for electronic devices used in vehicles within the EU. By obtaining this certification, manufacturers can ensure compliance with the necessary regulations and avoid penalties or legal consequences.
  • Market access: E-Mark certification allows manufacturers to access the European market, as non-certified devices cannot be legally sold or used in vehicles within the EU. This certification opens up opportunities for manufacturers to expand their customer base and increase their market share.
  • Brand reputation: E-Mark certification signifies a commitment to quality, safety, and compliance. By obtaining this certification, manufacturers can enhance their brand reputation and gain the trust of consumers who prioritize safety and reliability.

How can GTG assist you with E-Mark certification?

The ECE system includes requirements for vehicle emissions, safety features, and other technical aspects of vehicle design. The ECE system also includes requirements for vehicle type approval, which is a process that manufacturers must go through to demonstrate that their vehicles meet ECE standards. These requirements are enforced through a system of testing and certification, which is carried out by independent testing organizations.

GTG is a leading certification organization in China, and have an excellent reputation. We have a team of experts who are knowledgeable about E-Mark certification and can guide you through every step of the process. These processes includes:

  • Quoting of homologation projects
  • Advising of the most appropriate testing approval route (in case of several options)
  • Selecting test specimens
  • Preparing the required documentation (Information folder)
  • Advising on legislation changes and/or required approval updates

To minimize time and optimize investment, GTG also provides multi regulation management services, which identify the overlaps and evolving requirements of different regulations so that you can achieve multiple certifications within a single project.

E-Mark certification process

Contact GTG and provide us with the necessary information about your electronic devices and systems. We will then conduct various tests to ensure that your electronic devices and systems meet the required standards and regulations.

Once all technical documentation and the test report is completed, and conformity of production clearance has been granted, applicants will be issued with a type approval certificate. Manufacturers are then able to affix the type approval mark to their compliant components and issue certificates of conformity (CoC) for vehicles using them. Then you can start selling your products and services in the EU market.

Contact GTG today and obtain E-Mark certification within a short period!

FAQs about ECE R10

(1) How UNECE regulate products used in automotive?

Contracting parties (member states of UNECE) accepts the agreements issued by UNECE. One of the agreements is related to automotive: E/ECE/TRANS/505 1958 Agreement.

Title of the agreement: Concerning the Adoption of Harmonized Technical United Nations Regulations for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the Basis of these United Nations Regulations

(2) Are there any other regulations published by UNECE, other than Regulation 10?

Yes. UNECE lists all automotive regulations under its ‘Addenda to the 1958 Agreement’ page. UNECE Regulation 0-164 are listed on that page and Regulation 10 is only one of them. Each regulation focuses on specific requirements or features of the product used in automotive. Some products my fall under the scope of more than one regulation. 

(3) Are ECE R10 symbols identical in each country?

Yes, within all UNECE member states, Regulation 10 certificates are identical. For instance if designated type approval authority of Ireland, NSAI, has issued your product’s type approval certificate, you will have ECE R10 symbol of E24 and this is valid within all UNECE member states. Thus, a single E mark would cover all the countries (markets) listed above. The ECE R10 symbols issued by any ECE R10 member country are identical by law. However, market or customers may ask specific ECE R10 symbol for the product.    

(4) What Designated Type Approval Authorities do?

They issue type approval certificates. They mostly issue certificates by collaborating with their Designated Technical Service(s). Name of each type approval authority is listed above. 

(5) What Designated Technical Services do?

They receive type approval application documents including EMC test report, check and review the documentation. When the documents submitted by the applicant (manufacturer, exporter or importer) are ready for certification they sent them to Designated Type Approval Authority. 

(6) Are ECE R10 Type Approval Certificates recognized by countries which are not listed above?

Since UNECE does not cover whole world, the certificate is not automatically recognized unlisted countries. Each country or region is applying its own automotive EMC regulations. Thus, if your country does not exist on above list, you have to contact your local authority. Some unlisted countries might accept ECE R10 Type Approval certificates if they recognize regulations of UN ECE.  

Sources: Our guidance and/or articles are written in part based on publicly available information, and our own practical experience relating to product testing, compliance and certification. These are some of the primary sources we use:
  1. https://europa.eu/youreurope/business/product-requirements/labels-markings/emark/index_en.htm
  2. https://unece.org/
  3. https://unece.org/DAM/trans/doc/2019/wp29/ECE-TRANS-WP29-2019-020e.pdf
  4. https://unece.org/member-states-and-member-states-representatives
  5. https://unece.org/sites/default/files/2022-03/ECE_TRANS_WP.29_343_Rev.30_Add.1E.pdf
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