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FAQs to International Approvals

Find your most concerned answers to your questions regarding international approvals.
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As the rules change or new procedures are developed, please note that these interpretation and/or guidance may not apply; you should always refer to the latest rules and guidance documents to determine what equipment authorization procedures should be followed. For the latest guidance on specific topics or you don't know where to start, please feel free to contact GTG experts.

FCC Certification

Any radio frequency equipment produced, sold, or distributed in the USA must have FCC certifications.

An FCC compliant device follows the rules and regulations the FCC has laid down. The Federal Communications Commission is an independent agency of the USA government that governs a wide range of communication devices and electronics that emit radiofrequency. As per the FCC standards, FCC compliant devices should not radiate at frequencies that harm and interfere with the surrounding environment, people, and equipment. FCC compliance helps ensure the electronics and communications devices that form part of our daily lives are working as intended and safely and sustainably.

In general, FCC certification is required for the electronic device that oscillates above 9 kHz. Additionally, any radio frequency equipment produced, sold, or distributed in the USA must have FCC certifications. Manufacturers that introduce their products to the market without the appropriate approval risk monetary fines and product recall. The following types of devices often require FCC certification:

  • Electronic products
  • IT equipment
  • Power adapters
  • Electromagnetic compatibility products
  • Bluetooth devices
  • Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment
  • Wireless local area networking equipment
  • Garage doors and openers
  • Wireless medical telemetry transmitters
  • Land mobile radio transmitters
  • Remote control transmitters
  • Equipment and protective systems designed for use in potentially explosive atmospheres

Generally, the products that need FCC certification are divided into two classes:

  • Class A: Intentional radiators of radiofrequency: These are products that must broadcast radiofrequency energy while in operation.
  • Class B: Unintentional radiations: These products have the potential to create and broadcast radio signals as a by-product of their operation.

The FCC provides three options for device approval under the EMC directive. These are verification, certification, and declaration of conformity. The option for approval for your product is determined by your product type and the power of radiofrequency emission.

Verification: Verification Testing is designed for Part 15 devices or electrical products, including Class A or Class B digital devices (not PC-related) and Class B external power supplies. Class A devices are commonly used in industrial, engineering, and commercial settings. On the other hand, the Class B products are for consumer purposes.

Manufacturers producing these devices can carry out these tests at a non-accredited test center. The main goal of the verification tests is to determine the amount of radiofrequency energy emitted by the device. Manufacturers are also required to maintain updated records and files of the product test’s reports and documentation.

Declaration of conformity: The declaration of conformity testing procedure tends to be stricter than the verification testing. This process is required for all Part 18 electrical devices, including personal computers and PC peripherals. The FCC regulations require manufacturers to perform these tests only at ISO Guide 17025-accredited test centers.

The main goal of a declaration of conformity test is to ensure a product expels a radiofrequency energy amount that meets the relevant FCC’s technical requirements. A product that meets FCC complaint requirements will have an FCC marking. However, manufacturers are still required to maintain a file containing their product’s test reports and documentation. In addition, they are also needed to create a Declaration of Conformity that states that all the information in the documentation file is accurate and up to date.

Certification testing: The FCC product certification is the most stringent and most detailed of the three tests. Certification testing is designed for electrical products with a higher risk of interfering with other products, signals, and emergency information. These devices include Bluetooth devices, intentional radiators, WLAN, and more. The FCC requires manufacturers of such devices to test their products only in accredited test institutes such as Compliance Testing. Products deemed compliant and meets all relevant FCC’S technical requirements must feature an FCC ID on their label.

Obtaining an FCC certification can be a daunting task. In 2015, the FCC made changes to the certification process. As a result, they no longer accept direct applications for certification. The application for certification has to be presented through an accredited TCB (Telecommunications Certification Body).

If you want to sell or distribute products using radio spectrum in the United States, GTG can help certify your product for quick market access. GTG is a certified TCB and is recognized by the FCC to accept applications for certification on its behalf.

The FCC logo or mark is a voluntary mark put on electronic products manufactured or sold in the USA. The mark indicates the electromagnetic radiation the device is emitting is below limits specified by FCC and that the supplier followed the supplier’s Declaration Conformity requirements. Previously, the mark was required on all devices classified under part 15 and part 18 of the FCC regulations. However, as of November 2017, the mark was made optional.
The FCC certification is required for radio frequency devices in the United States. On the other hand, the CE is a compliance scheme imposed by Europe. In the United States, the UL mark confirms a product or material meets safety standards as verified by third-party testing. In European countries, a UL mark signifies a product complies with European Norms.
Once you receive the Telecommunication Body (TCB), the certification is considered permanent and thus does not expire. As such, an unaltered product will not need recertification in future productions.

The average industry time to get an FCC certification is anywhere between 8 to 12 weeks. To make this process quicker, FCC mandated some private companies to carry out tests and issue the certifications on their behalf.

GTG’s Telecommunication Certifications Body (TCB) can expedite this process by leveraging modern technologies that ensure you receive your certificates within 1 to 2 weeks.

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) shares regulatory responsibilities for cell phones with the FDA. Essentially, the FDA provides scientific input and expertise to FCC while the FCC sets the limits on the emissions of radiofrequency energy by cellphones and other wireless products. Additionally, the FDA provides information for the public on the radiofrequency energy emitted by cell phones.

The FCC leverages its Enforcement Bureau to enforce the Communications Act and the Commission’s rules and orders. The FCC initiates investigations and takes appropriate action if a violation is determined. If a violation is established, the FCC may propose a penalty through a Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture. The notice details a party’s legal violations and the proposed penalty.

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)/ electromagnetic interference (EMI) testing is an integral part of electronic devices’ design and manufacturing processes. Several regulatory bodies such as the FDA, FCC, and ISO have specific limits regarding the emissions that an electronic device has to emit. The EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) testing ensures the device meets reliability and safety standards that ensure it will not harm users nor interfere with the operation of other equipment or fail to operate as intended due to interference from other equipment’s emissions. Failure to pass the EMC compliance testing can result in fines and product recalls. For further guidance on EMC/EMI testing, please refer to our training courses: Ultimate guide to EMI in electronics

EMI/EMC testing is part of the product development process, with testing being a mandatory requirement in most markets. Some of the most common applications for EMC testing include:
  • Industrial, scientific and medical equipment.
  • Medical electrical apparatus.
  • Vehicles, boats, and internal combustion engines.
  • Components and modules on board vehicles.
  • Information technology and telecommunications equipment (ITE).
  • Professional audio/video/multimedia equipment.
  • Electrical devices, household appliances, and tools how much does EMC/EMI compliance test cost.
  • Fluorescent lamps and luminaires.
  • Military equipment and systems.

A full compliance test in a certified lab can be costly. The cost can range from $1,000 or more than $20,000 per submission, depending on the number of countries to be covered and the type of device.

EMC compliance testing may take up to two weeks to complete. However, this doesn’t include the time it takes to get a product into the test queue. At Compliance Testing, we leverage modern testing labs and highly experienced staff to expedite the EMC testing and certification for your product to hit the markets sooner.

UKCA Marking

The UKCA marking confirms that the product complies with UK regulations and standards, ensuring the safety and health of consumers.

The UKCA marking only applies in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales).

The new UKCA marking only needs to be used before 01 January 2025 if all of the following apply. The product:

  • is destined for the British market
  • is covered by legislation requiring the UKCA marking
  • requires mandatory third-party conformity assessment
  • conformity assessment has been carried out by a UK conformity assessment body
No, the two declarations of conformity cannot use the same document. Two separate documents have to be drawn up. These must be retained for 10 years from the date the product is brought to market

As a member of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland has special status. The new UKCA rules are not applied in Northern Ireland and the UKCA marking alone will not be accepted. Products there must correspond to harmonised EU standards and be labelled with either the CE or the UK(NI) marking.

If a product needs to be converted or adapted to UKCA requirements, GTG and its partners can help, in some cases offering the services of a UKCA label body. Just get in touch by email at [email protected].

Yes, both labels can be applied to a product if the product complies with both sets of requirements.

  • the marking may only be affixed to the product by the manufacturer or its authorised representative if this is permitted by law.
  • the manufacturer or its authorised representative is responsible for the conformity of the product with the applicable legal requirements.
  • declaration of conformity of the product with the applicable UK legislation.
  • the meaning and form of the UKCA marking must not lead to misunderstandings by third parties
  • the visibility, legibility and meaning of the label must be ensured.

Conformity Assessment Bodies lost their status as notified bodies on the GB’s exit from the EU on 01 January 2021 and are no longer allowed to carry out EU conformity assessments. Consequently, their conformity certificates were rendered invalid from 01 January 2021. Manufacturers and distributors may no longer declare conformity on the basis of such certificates. There remains the option of being certified by a notified body. GTG is such a body and is happy to assist. Just get in touch by email at [email protected].

Basically, the contents of a UK declaration of conformity are largely the same as those of an EU declaration of conformity. Depending on the applicable legislation these may vary, but should contain the following:

  • Name and business address of the manufacturer or authorised representative.
  • serial number, model or type identification of the product.
  • if applicable: Details of the UK Approved Body that carried out the conformity assessment procedure.
  • Statement of responsibility for the product.
  • The relevant legislation with which the product complies.
  • List of standards in the United Kingdom.
  • Name, signature, date (that declaration is made).
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